Autoencoder-Based Multi-Step Information Augmentation for Improving Multi-Layered Neural Networks

  • Ryotaro Kamimura Tokai University
  • Haruhiko Takeuchi National institute of advanced institute for industrial technology
Keywords: information augmentation, excessive information, autoencoder, interpretation, generalization


The present paper aims to propose a new type of learning method for information augmentation by increasing the number of inputs or input dimensionality with multiple steps for improving supervised learning. One of the major problems of neural networks is that multi-layered neural networks, as a property of multi-layers as an in-formation channel, principally tend to lose any information content, for example, input patterns or error gradients. For overcoming the loss of information, unsupervised pretraining was proposed, giving initial weights for the supervised learning. However, the unsupervised pretraining to train multi-layered neural networks turned out to be not so effective as had been expected, because connection weights obtained by the unsupervised learning tend to lose their original characteristics immediately in supervised training. To keep original information by unsupervised learning, we try here to increase information in input patterns as much as possible to overcome the vanishing information problem. In particular, for acquiring detailed information more appropriately, we gradually increase detailed information through multiple steps. We applied the method to the real eyetracking data set, where the number of inputs was strictly restricted and the majority of inputs were highly correlated. When the present method of information augmentation was applied, it was confirmed that generalization performance could be improved. Then, we could interpret the importance of input variables more easily by treating all connection weights collectively. In addition, this interpretation of collective weights conformed to that of the findings by the conventional eye-tracking experiments.


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