The Reliability and Validity of Felder- Silverman Index of Learning Styles in Mandarin Version
This paper offers a contribution to the validation work on the ILS instrument based on the author’s study of the relationship between learning styles and learning performances in a language learning support system. An analysis on 198 valid questionnaires, collected from Chinese-native undergraduate students in responds to a Mandarin translation of Felder- Silverman Index of Learning Styles, are discussed. The discussion includes internal reliability, inter-scale correlation and construct validity. In the terms of construct validity, the trends of learning style preferences with respect to gender and the field of study are investigated.
S. W. Hsieh, Y. R. Jang, G. J. Hwang, & N. S. Chen, “Effects of Teaching and Learning Styles on Students’ Reflection Levels for Ubiquitous learning,” Computers & Education, 2011, pp. 1194-1201.
T. C. Yang, G. J. Hwang, & J. H. Yang, Stephen, “Development of An Adaptive Learning System with Multiple Perspectives based on Students' Learning Styles and Cognitive Styles,” Educational Technology & Society, 2013, pp. 185-200.
G. J. Hwang, H. Y. Sung, C. M. Hung, & I. Huang, “A Learning Style Perspective to Investigate the Necessity of Developing Adaptive Learning Systems,” Educational Technology & Society, 2013, pp. 188-197.
G. J. Hwang, H. Y. Sung, C. M. Hung, I., Huang,& C. C. Tsai, “Development of A Personalized Educational Computer Game based on Students’ Learning Styles,” Educational Technology Research & Development, 2012, pp. 623-638.
F. Coffield, D. Moseley, E. Hall, and K. Ecclestone, “Learning Styles and Pedagogy in Post16 Learning: A systematic and Critical Review,” London: Learning and Skills Research Centre, 2004.
H. Pashler, M. McDaniel, D. Rohrer, R. Bjork, “Learning Styles: Concepts and Evidence,” Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 2009, pp. 105–119.
R. M. Felder, and L. K. Silverman, “Learning Styles and Teaching Styles in Engineering Education,” Engineering Education, 1988, pp. 674-681.
R. M. Felder and E.R. Henriques, “Learning and Teaching Styles in Foreign and Second Language Education,” Foreign Language Annals, 1995, pp. 21-31.
R.M. Felder and J.E. Spurlin, “Applications, Reliability, and Validity of the Index of Learning Styles”, Intl. Journal of Engineering Education, 2005, pp. 103-112.
A.Klašnja-Milićević, B.Vesin, M.Ivanović, &, Z. Budimac, “E-Learning Personalization based on Hybrid Recommendation Strategy and Learning Style Identification,” Computers & Education, 2011, pp. 885-899.
W. Tong, & H. Pi-Lian, “Web Log Mining by an Improved Aprioriall Algorithm. In: Proceeding of World Academy of Science, Engineering, and Technology,” 2005, pp. 97–100.
B. A. Soloman, and R. M. Felder, “Index of Learning Styles Questionnaire,” 2001; http://www.engr.ncsu.edu/learningstyles/ilsweb.html retrieved [March 1, 2013].
W. M. G. Lopes, “ILS – Inventário de Estilos de Aprendizagem de Felder- de Soloman: Investigação de Sua Validade em Estudantes Universitários de Belo Horizonte”, master dissension: University Federal de Santa Catarina, Brazil, 2002.
N.P. Kuri, and O.M.S Truzzi, "Learning Styles of Freshmen Engineering Students", Proceedings of the 2002 International Conference on Engineering Education (ICEE), 2002, Arlington.
J.Y. Wang, & T. Mendori and J. Xiong, “A Language Learning Support System using Course-centered Ontology and Its Evaluation,” Computer & Education, 2014, pp. 278-293.
B.W. Tuckman, Conducting Educational Research, 5th edition, Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Group, 1999.
G. A. Livesay, K. C. Dee, E. A. Nauman and L. S. Hites, Jr., “Engineering Student Learning Styles: a Statistical Analysis Using Felder's Index of Learning Styles”, 2002 conference of the American society for engineering education, June 2002, Montreal, Quebec.
N. Van Zwanenberg, L J. Wilkinson, & A. Anderson, “Felder and Silverman’s Index of Learning Styles and Honey and Mumford’s Learning Styles Questionnaire: How do They Compare and Do They Predict Academic Performance?” Educational Psychology, 2000, pp. 365-381.
M.S. Zywno, “A Contribution to Validation of Score Meaning for Felder Soloman’s Index of Learning Styles”, Proceedings of the 2003 ASEE Annual Conference, 2003, ASEE.
P. Friedman, and R. Alley, “Learning/Teaching Styles: Applying the Principles,” Theory into Practice, 1984, pp. 77-81.
V. Cox, “Some Implications of Cognitive Science, Cognitive Psychology, and Human Information Processing for Engineering Education of the Future: Problem Solving, Cognition and Metacognition,” 1988 Annual Conference Proceedings of American Society for Engineering Education, 1988, Portland.
T. A. Litzinger, S. H. Lee, J. C. Wise and, R. M. Felder, “A Study of the Reliability and Validity of the Felder-Soloman Index of Learning Styles”, Proceedings of the 2005 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition, 2005.
R. E. Mayer, and L. Massa, “Three Facets of Visual and Verbal Learners: Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Style, and Learning Preference,” Journal of Educational Psychology, 2003, pp. 833−841.
H. Pashler, M. McDaniel, D. Rohrer, R. Bjork, “Learning styles: Concepts and Evidence,” Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 2009, pp. 105–119.