A Novel Curriculum Visualization Method Using a Combination of Competencies, Cosine Similarity, Multidimensional Scaling Methods, and Scatter Plotting

Kunihiko Takamatsu, Katsuhiko Murakami, Yasuhiro Kozaki, Kenya Bannaka, Ikuhiro Noda, Mayumi Yamasaki, Tadashi Nakamura, Yasuo Nakata

Abstract


This article outlines a new way of visualizing curricula (sets of courses for students) using competencies via a combination of cosine similarity, multidimensional scaling methods, and scatter plotting. We have already published a report analyzing syllabi (summary texts that explain the main points of courses or the contents of curricula) with the same methods. In this report, we show that using competencies is more useful than using syllabi. Usually, students are only interested in the course content when they select courses; this new visualization of curricula using competencies gives students a new perspective on their courses.

Full Text:

PDF

References


K. Takamatsu, T. Kirimura, K. Bannaka, I. Noda, M. Omori, R. Adachi, K. Mitsunari, T. Nakamura, and Y. Nakata, “SWOT analysis and complex network analysis to enhance governance in universities by collaboration between faculty and staff,” Adv. Appl. Informatics (IIAI-AAI), 2016 5th IIAI Int. Congr. on. IEEE, pp. 1188–1189, 2016.

T. Krimura, K. Takamatsu, K. Bannaka, I. Noda, K. Mitsunari, and Y. Nakata, “Innovate the management of teaching and learning at our own university through collaboration between academic faculty and administrative staff,” Bull. Kobe Tokiwa Univ., vol. 10, pp. 23–32, 2017.

M. Shinoda, “Necessity of staff to constract and promote teaching management cycle,” Between, vol. Apr-May, pp. 23–32, 2013.

MEXT, “Toward the construction of undergraduate education,” Central Council for Education, 2008. [Online]. Available: http://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/shingi/chukyo/chukyo4/houkoku/080410.htm. [Accessed: 28-Jun-2018].

Between Editorial Department, “Connection between three policies,” Between, vol. Spring, p. 1, 2008.

MEXT, “Connection reform of high school and university,” Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology, 2014. [Online]. Available: http://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/shingi/chukyo/chukyo0/toushin/1354191.htm. [Accessed: 28-Jun-2018].

K. Takamatsu, Y. Kozaki, K. Murakami, E. Matsumoto, M. Bohgaki, M. Seki, A. Imanishi, K. Bannaka, I. Noda, K. Mitsunari, and Y. Nakata, “Web-based Radar Chart System of Tokiwa Competencies in Eduinformatics,” Int. Conf. Educ. Psychol. Learn., pp. 30–37, 2018.

W. G. Spady, Outcome-based education: Critical Issues and Answers. 1994.

J. Oba, “Curriculum management practices from the perspective of studies of university staff and academic-administrative collaboration,” J. Jpn Assoc Coll Univ. Educ, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 53–58, 2014.

MEXT, “Means to be staff in university,” Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology, 2017. [Online]. Available: http://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/shingi/chukyo/chukyo4/015/attach/1380986.htm.

T. Krimura, K. Takamatsu, K. Bannaka, I. Noda, and Y. Nakata, “Knowledge creation through collaboration between academic and administrative faculty: Strategies of raise chance of the serendipity,” Bull. Kobe Tokiwa Univ., vol. 9, pp. 71–78, 2016.

T. Kirimura, K. Takamatsu, K. Bannaka, I. Noda, M. Omori, R. Adachi, K. Mitsunari, and Y. Nakata, “Three-step knowledge network model,” Bull. Kobe Tokiwa Univ., vol. 9, pp. 79–86, 2016.

K. Takamatsu, K. Bannaka, T. Kirimura, I. Noda, K. Murakami, K. Mitsunari, and Y. Nakata, “Tag-based knowledge network models,” Bull. Kobe Tokiwa Univ., vol. 10, pp. 51–60, 2017.

K. Tamiya, “The significance, introduction, and how to use of the rubric,” Forum Cent. Teach. Learn. Teikyo Univ, vol. 1, pp. 125–135, 2014.

MEXT, “Policy of education in Japan,” Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology, 1991. [Online]. Available: http://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/hakusho/html/hpad199101/. [Accessed: 28-Jun-2018].

MEXT, “Construction of education for university,” Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology, 2008. [Online]. Available: http://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/shingi/chukyo/chukyo4/houkoku/080410.htm. [Accessed: 28-Jun-2018].

MEXT, “Glossary,” Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology, 2014. [Online]. Available: http://www.mext.go.jp/component/b_menu/shingi/toushin/__icsFiles/afieldfile/2013/05/13/1212958_002.pdf. [Accessed: 28-Jun-2018].

W. Wager, “Instructional Curriculum Mapping,” ERIC, 1976. [Online]. Available: http://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED141264. [Accessed: 28-Jun-2018].

D. Kazui, S. Maeda, and Y. Shirakawa, “Theory and Practice of curriculum mapping,” Lib. Gen. Educ. Soc. Japan, pp. 116–117, 2010.

T. Ogawa, “A study of systematic curriculum improvement towards guaranteeing the quality of undergraduate education: a curriculum improvement trial based on faculty develop-ment for improvement of undergraduate education,” Bull. Kyoto Univ. Res. High. Educ., vol. 16, pp. 13–24, 2010.

K. Takamatsu, K. Murakami, R.-J. W. Lim, and Y. Nakata, “Novel visualization for curriculum in silico using syllabus by a combination of cosine similarity, multidimensional scaling methods, and scatter plot: Dynamic curriculum mapping (DCM) for syllabus,” Bull. Kobe Tokiwa Univ., vol. 10, pp. 99–106, 2017.

E. Bingham, E. Bingham, H. Mannila, and H. Mannila, “Random projection in dimensionality reduction: applications to image and text data,” Int. Conf. Knowl. Discov. Data Min., 2001.

K. Pearson, “LIII. On lines and planes of closest fit to systems of points in space,” Philos. Mag. Ser. 6, 1901.

R. A. Fisher, “The use of multiple measures in taxonomic problems,” Ann. Eugen., 1936.

J. B. Kruskal, “Multidimensional scaling by optimizing goodness of fit to a nonmetric hypothesis,” Psychometrika, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 1–27, 1964.

J. B. Tenenbaum, V. De Silva, and J. C. Langford, “A global geometric framework for nonlinear dimensionality reduction,” Science (80-. )., vol. 290, no. 5500, pp. 2319–2323, 2000.

S. T. Roweis and L. K. Saul, “Nonlinear dimensionality reduction by locally linear embedding.,” Science, vol. 290, no. 5500, pp. 2323–2326, 2000.

Z. Zhang and J. Wang, “MLLE: Modified Locally Linear Embedding Using Multiple Weights,” Adv. Neural Inf. Process. Syst., pp. 1593–1600, 2006.

D. L. Donoho and C. Grimes, “Hessian eigenmaps: Locally linear embedding techniques for high-dimensional data,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., vol. 100, no. 10, pp. 5591–5596, 2003.

Z. Y. Zhang and H. Y. Zha, “Principal manifolds and nonlinear dimensionality reduction via tangent space alignment,” J. Shanghai Univ., vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 406–424, 2004.

L. J. P. Van Der Maaten and G. E. Hinton, “Visualizing high-dimensional data using t-sne,” J. Mach. Learn. Res., vol. 9, pp. 2579–2605, 2008.

“Syllabus of Kobe Tokiwa University,” 2017. [Online]. Available: available: http://www.kobe-tokiwa.ac.jp/univ/. [Accessed: 28-Jun-2018].

“pdftotext.” [Online]. Available: http://www.foolabs.com/xpdf/download.html. [Accessed: 28-Jun-2018].

T. Kudo, “MeCab: Yet Another Part-of-Speech and Morphological Analyzer,” 2005. [Online]. Available: http://mecab.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/mecab/doc/index.html. [Accessed: 28-Jun-2018].

F. Wild, “lsa: Latent semantic analysis,” R package version 0.73.1, 2015. [Online]. Available: ttps://cran.r-project.org/package=lsa. [Accessed: 28-Jun-2018].

N. Lewin-Koh and R. Bivand, “maptools: Tools for reading and handling spatial objects,” R package version …. 2011.

R core team, “R: A language and environment for statistical computing.,” R Found. Stat. Comput. Vienna, Austria., 2017.

P. Shannon, A. Markiel, O. Ozier, N. S. Baliga, J. T. Wang, D. Ramage, N. Amin, B. Schwikowski, and T. Ideker, “Cytoscape: A software Environment for integrated models of biomolecular interaction networks,” Genome Res., vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 2498–2504, 2003.

K. Takamatsu, K. Murakami, T. Kirimura, K. Bannaka, I. Noda, M. Yamasaki, L. Rahpael-Joe, l Wei, K. Mitsunari, T. Nakamura, and Y. Nakata, “A new way of visualizing curricula using competencies: Cosine similarity, multidimensional scaling methods, and scatter plotting,” Adv. Appl. Informatics (IIAI-AAI), 2017 6th IIAI Int. Congr. on. IEEE, pp. 192–197, 2017.

G. Csárdi and T. Nepusz, “The igraph software package for complex network research,” 2006. [Online]. Available: http://igraph.org. [Accessed: 28-Jun-2018].

J. E. Cohen and M. B. Malin, International perspectives on the goals of universal basic and secondary education. 2012.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.